On the road between Lønstrup and Løkken you will find one of Denmark's most well-known landmarks, Rubjerg Knude Lighthouse.
The extremely popular excursion destination, which is visited by more than 250,000 guests each year, has been on the knot since 1899. For many years, the lighthouse has been on the path to going into the sea, as is already the case for the rubble from the café, the lighthouse master's residence and the museum building. These were previously part of the experience when you visited the Rubjerg Knude Lighthouse, but as with so much else on the Rubjerg Knude, it has been consumed by the sand drift.
However, the lighthouse's significance to Lønstrup and North Jutland is so great that the Municipality of Hjørring in 2019 has ordered a relocation of the lighthouse, so that in the years ahead you can still enjoy an excursion to Rubjerg Knude and the view from the top of the lighthouse.
See the wild sanding and fabulous views of Rubjerg Knude:
Relocation of Rubjerg Knude Lighthouse in 2019
For a long time it has been discussed whether Rubjerg Knude Lighthouse should be moved or allowed to crash into the sea. There have been disagreements, but at the end of 2018 it was finally decided to move the lighthouse 60-80 meters into the landscape, so that the lighthouse can act as excursion destinations and tourist magnet for the area for many years to come.
In May 2019, it was decided that the local mason Kjeld Pedersen was to move the lighthouse. A task the mason have never done before:
- I might as well say it as it is. I've never tried to move a lighthouse before, but I know I've got the best people to help me, the mason has told a local newspaper.
Until August 14, 2019, the Rubjerg Knude Lighthouse was open to the public at its original location. After that, the area was blocked off, and in week 43 the Mason's team is moving the lighthouse 60-80 meters further into the landscape.
Date of the relocation: October 22, 2019 starting approx. at 9.
Reopening: November 16, 2019 at 16, where there will be a great inauguration party.
Timeline for the move
Relocation is decided
After lengthy discussions about the future of Rubjerg Knude Lighthouse, the Municipality of Hjørring decides to move the tourist magnet further into the land.
Relocator is found
It is decided that the local mason Kjeld Pedersen is to be responsible for the move.
Last day for visits
After this day, work on the relocation begins and the area around the lighthouse is blocked off.
Day of the move is decided
It is announced that the moving day will be Tuesday, October 22.
With 16 jackpots and a lift of 600 tonnes it is managed to lift the lighthouse a few millimeters from the ground on Monday evening. Thus, it is ok to do the move as planned.
The lighthouse is being moved
The move begins at 9 o clock. The move of the 70 meters is expected to last 10 hours.
While there has been some doubt about the date of the move itself, the date of the reopening has been announced long ago. November 16 at 4 o clock there is a big reopening party.
The prospect of a dramatic fate was unpredictable, when in 1900 the lighthouse was built at the highest point of the knot, about 60 meters above sea level. With over 200 meters out to the coastal slope and with little evidence of sand drift, the builders can hardly be blamed for not anticipating the problems.
However, only a few years after the lighthouse was put into service, problems began. The buildings sheltered the fine sand that was blown up from the steep hillside. Before long, dunes had formed between the lighthouse and the sea, and the lighthouse master's vegetable garden and the well was filled with sand.
To dampen the sand, the dune was planted with mare straw - with the result that the dune simply grew larger. The more one planted, the more the dune grew. Within a few decades the sand lay so high that it was sometimes impossible to see the light from the sea.
Already in the 1920s large quantities of sand had to be driven away, and by the early 1950s the dune had grown so much that the ships could no longer hear the fog signal.
At one point there were considerations of an elevation of the lighthouse, but they were abandoned. On August 1, 1968, the lighthouse was extinguished for the last time.
The lighthouse is 23 meters tall and was from the beginning equipped with its own gas plant for use in lighting and operation of fog horns. It was believed that light made from grease from oil had a better ability to penetrate in foggy weather. The light could be seen at a distance of up to 42 km.
In 1906 the gas was replaced by petroleum, and in 1934 a contract was signed with the DC power plant at Liver Mill to supply electricity.
Working with the lighthouse
The lighthouse was manned from the start by a lighthouse master, a lighthouse assistant and a lighthouse keeper. The work was often tiring - especially during the first years of gas operation. When the weather was stormy it was important to look for ships in distress. The birds that had flown towards the lens house were to be collected for the Zoological Museum. Machines had to be kept in working order, the buildings had to be chalked and painted inside and out, and the sand kept from the door.
The coastal degradation causes the cliff to move further and further inland and the sand dune is constantly changing. In 1992, the fight against the sand was completely abandoned and the sand was allowed to "eat" the lighthouse buildings.
OpdagDanmark's tips for Rubjerg Knude
- Visit Rubjerg Knude at least once and preferably at different seasons. The scenery changes completely and the area is also wonderful in the winter.
- Many choose the obvious route - park in the usual parking lot and walk via the road directly to the lighthouse. Try to make the trip to Rubjerg Knude Klitplantage, located a little further south of the well-known parking lot. Here you will experience the amazing landscape in a different way - and wander through an old cemetery and old tombstones.
- A visit to Rubjerg Knude can be combined with dining and/or staying at Villa Vest
Frequently asked questions
When was the lighthouse build?
Construction began in 1899, and in 1900 you could see the cone of the lighthouse extending over the North Sea for the first time
How tall is the lighthouse?
When is it open?
The lighthouse can be visited around the clock, 365 days a year.
Is is free to go up to the lighthouse?
Yes it is 100 percent free.
It is possible to park nearby?
Yes free parking is available. From here there are 300 meters to the lighthouse.
Is it disability-friendly?
Unfortunately no. Wheelchair access is not recommended. However, as a pedestrian, you can get close via the dirt road from the parking lot. However, the dirt road stops at the foot of the sandbank on which the lighthouse stands:
How many visitors a year?
The number of guests is not monitored, but it is estimated that the place is visited by 250.000 people every year.
When is the lighthouse being moved?
The lighthouse is to be relocated on Tuesday, October 22. Start approx. pm. 9 and approx. 10 hours ahead.
When is it possible to go up to the lighthouse again?
Although the move will take place on October 22, it is possible to go up to the lighthouse again on November 16, 2019, at 4 o clock, where there is a reopening party.